Mars is the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury, Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. Given that it has a reddish color, it was given the name of the Roman god of war. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a small atmosphere that shares similarities with Earth’s valleys, deserts, and polar ice caps as well as the Moon’s impact craters.


The tilt that causes the seasons, as well as the rotating period and seasonal cycles, are all comparable to those of Earth. The tallest volcano and second-highest known mountain in the Solar System, Olympus Mons, and one of the Solar System’s largest canyons, Valles Marineris, are both located on Mars. A large impact structure that may cover 40% of the earth is the smooth Borealis basin in the northern hemisphere. Mars has two small, atypically shaped moons called Phobos and Deimos.